A task force comprised of South Dakota stakeholders representing school and behavioral health professionals provided 1) recommendations for universal trauma screening and support systems in school settings and their communities and 2) a suite of tools to support implementation of strategies aiming to:
- prevent problems from occurring,
- provide selective strategies to assess risk factors and protective factors to prevent problems from progressing, and
- recommend intensive interventions aiming to reduce the intensity and duration of symptoms 1
Effective screening for traumatic events requires that school-based professionals consider this prevention framework to determine best practices in assessment and intervention.
The pyramid below represents the strategies a South Dakota community and school district can adopt to create a comprehensive approach to preventing and responding to childhood trauma and mental health issues. The strategies include creating a trauma-informed communities and schools, universal trauma screening, and referring children and families for targeted and/or wrap-around services.